The two previous chapters have dealt with the influence of drugs on guerrilla warfare, terrorism, and
crime on the upstream or supply side; on the corruption by the cocaine trade of government and
business in Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia and the nurturing, financing, and arming of terrorist groups
like SL, FARC, and M19 causing tens of thousands of violent deaths each year; and the corruption
and intimidation of politicians, officials, and businessmen across the Caribbean and Central America.
In the same way, the heroin trade finances the continuing insurgency by warlords and guerrilla armies
which have helped to make Burma one of the poorest countries in the world; the financing of dissident
tribesmen in Pakistan, Kurdistan, and Afghanistan is likely to dog the efforts to restore stability after