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DHU AL-KIFL

Mentioned by name in the Qur ) an two

times (21.85; 38.48), many Muslim exe-

getes identify Dhu al-Kifl as a prophet,

the son of Job. Others claim that Dhu al-Kifl is to be identified as the prophet

Elijah or Zechariah (see 3.37). Many

exegetes associate the prophet Ezekiel

with 2.243 because of its mention of the

resurrection of bones, as in the biblical

account of Ezekiel’s vision of the bones. Others state that Dhu al-Kifl was the

prophet Elisha, his successor, or a right-

eous person whom Elisha imitated in his

pious actions. The Qur ) an itself only

states that, along with Ishmael and

Idris, Dhu al-Kifl was steadfast and upright (21.85), and, along with Ishmael

and Elisha, he was chosen (38.48).

According to a saying of the Prophet

Muhammad, Dhu al-Kifl was an Israelite

who became righteous after recognizing the sinful ways of the other Israelites.

Those who identify Dhu al-Kifl with a

son of Job state that his real name was

Bishr, but that he was called Dhu al-Kifl

because he told the people of Rome

about the ‘guarantee’ (kafil) that God had given to them. Others relate that

Dhu al-Kifl was sent to the people of

Damascus. It is reported that Dhu al-Kifl

lived and died in Syria but there is no

extant tomb attributed to him there.