Pupil differences and differentiation
It is fundamentally important for teachers, be they FLs teachers or not, to recognise that pupils are individuals with different needs. No group of pupils is ever homog - enous. Differences in areas such as gender, interest, self-concept, self-esteem, self-efficacy, social class, ethnic and cultural background, first language, ability, motivation, aptitude, age, previous attainment/experience, learning difficulties, etc. can influence pupils’ degree of progress, achievement or participation in FLs work inside and outside the classroom.