chapter  III
39 Pages

-The Growth of Relativity in Ideas and Notions

THE last chapter gave us some idea of the importance attaching to the logic of relations, since a simple relationShIp like that of brother still presented insurmountable difficulties to the child of 9-10 The sequel will show us anew that childish realism, ~.e. the inability to grasp the relativity of notions or ideas is one of the principal obstacles to the development of childish reasoning. For this realism stands in the way of that gradual improvement in deductive power whIch would free the child from the immediate ready-made reality of particular cases which have nothing to do with each other. Before going on to examine these consequences of realism, it will be well to investigate some new data taken fresh from the child's actual expenence, and not drawn from what are, after all, very artifiCial tests, such as those which we have been analysing. We shall set out to verify the hypotheses put forward in conneXlOn with the three brothers test, by questioning the children of 4 to 12 about their own brothers and sisters. We shall also study (in the same children) the evolution of the notion of right and left, which is an extremely interesting part of the logic of relations; then in a second part of the chapter we shall study the definitions given of the notions of family and country.