Islamic underdevelopment: cause and response
The overall purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate that Islamic underdevelopment stems, fundamentally, from a lack of positive public policy tradition. The institution of a nation-state as a tool of public policy maximizing public good is a western innovation. No comparable evolution occurred in Muslim lands except, in the present century, in a few countries in the Islamic Periphery. Turkey and Malaysia, at the opposite ends of the Muslim world, are two notable cases where national and secular development policies have been relied upon. Unfortunately, these policies have, to date, failed to achieve development with Islamic social justice. This chapter will attempt to provide an explanation for this fact within the wider context of the contemporary Islamic dilemma.