The Islamic social contract: the quest for social justice and the problem of legislation
A major conclusion of the previous chapter is that, while countries like Malaysia and Turkey have pioneered in adopting a modern public policy in the Islamic world, they have yet to achieve an organic balance between development policy and Islamic values that bind these societies together. Organic balance does not mean conformity or regimentation, but responsiveness between the ruler and the ruled. It requires that there should be adequate communication from the grass roots to the top and accountability in the reverse direction. When this two-way relationship exists in a functioning and institutionalized manner, the parts of the body politic are in an organic balance. A strong body politic exists when the political and economic system are synchronized with an indigenous culture so that public policy outcomes reflect societal preferences.