chapter  5
27 Pages

Nationalism confronts Islam: the modernization debate in Malaysia and Turkey

In both Malaysia and Turkey modernization has long been a hotly debated subject between the Islamic traditionalists and the modernists. The Kaum Tua-Kaum Muda (Old Order-New Order) controversy in Malaysia, and the laiklik (secularism) debate in Turkey are but national manifestations of the same issue concerning the proper place of Islam in a modern society.