The emergence of herding societies in the Atacama
The study of the classification of fleece in Isluga as a technical activity demonstrates how herding technology and ideology influence the specific categories of yarn spun in the community and how natural fleece colours are deployed in weaving and plaiting. However, the spinning of yarn responds to a particular set of cultural circumstances involving human beings and herd animals. To examine further the historical particularities of a herding way of life and the implications for changes through time in fibre technology, I will review archaeological evidence from the past. The present chapter examines the emergence of herding societies in the Atacama, and it provides the context for the discussion in Chapter 8 of the yarns and fabrics they produced.