chapter  3
23 Pages

Anti-colonialism in Central Asia

As a colony, nationalist movements were expected in Central Asia. During the 1950s and 1960s scholars focused on events of the twentieth century that appeared to indicate the existence of such movements. The evidence was scanty despite Wheeler’s assertion: ‘There are many indications that the authorities are dissatisfied with and even apprehensive about the attitude of the Muslims towards the regime.’1 Ultimately, the political case was not proven, but there remained a cultural argument to answer, and this seemed more persuasive, in part because of a conflation of the terms ‘nationalism’ and ‘national identity’.