chapter  8
34 Pages

Towards an indigenous and Islamic Indonesia Hadji Agoes Salim: connecting Western civilization with ‘modernist’

In this chapter I wish to examine aspects of the Indies reform movement with reference to the Association mode of Agoes Salim, the domestic Hadrami movement, and the events occurring in the Middle East. I shall concentrate on the H. ajj as a mirror of Kaum Muda aspirations and then the ideology of the caliphate as propounded by Rashı¯d Rid.a¯ and shattered by Atatürk. Both H. ajj and Caliphate, I shall suggest, helped shape the way Indies Muslims assessed their ‘national’ place in a steadily internationalizing Muslim world.