CH APTER VIII Concluding the rest of our journey from Tlaxcala to Mexico, through
T h e next place moft remarkable in the road wherein we travelled was the city called by the Spaniards La Puebla de los Angeles, the City of Angels. To the which we were desirous to go, knowing that in it there was a convent of Dominicans of our profession, not having met with any such since the day we departed from St John de Ulhua. Here we refreshed ourselves at leisure three days, finding ourselves very welcome to our own brethren, who spared nothing that was fit for our entertainment. We visited all the city, and took large notice of it, judging of the wealth and riches of it not only by the great trading in it, but by the many doifters both of nuns and friars which it maintaineth, such being commonly very burdensome to the places where they live, an idle kind of beggars who make the people believe the maintaining of them is meritorious and saving to their souls, and that their prayers for them is more worth than the means and suftenance which they receive from them. Of these there is in that city a very great cloifter of some fifty or threescore Dominicans, another of more Franciscans,
This city is seated in a low and pleasant valley, about ten leagues from a very high mountain, which is always covered with snow. It ftandeth twenty leagues from Mexico. It was firft built and inhabited in the year 1530 by the command of Don Antonio de Mendoza, Viceroy of Mexico, together with the consent of Sebaftian Ramirez who was a Bishop, and had been President in time paft in Sto Domingo, and was that year inftead of Nunnio de Guzman (who had behaved himself very evil both with the Indians and Spaniards) sent to be President of the Chancery of Mexico with these other four judges, the Licenciates John de Salmeron, Gasco Quiroga, Francisco Ceynos, and Alonso Maldonado. These judges governed the land far better than Nunnio de Guzman before them had done; and among other remarkable things they did was to cause this city to be inhabited; and set at liberty the Indians who inhabited there before, and were grievously suppressed and enslaved by the Spaniards, and therefore many of them departed from thence who had inhabited there before, and went to seek their living at Xalixco, Honduras, Guatemala and other places where war then was.