chapter  3
14 Pages

‘In the Name of Democracy’ the Paradox of Democracy and Press Freedom in Post-Communist Russia

The twentieth century has commonly been labelled ‘the century of democracy’ (Freedom House 2000; Sen 1999). Following the first, slow wave of democratization from 1828 to 1926, the century experienced a second (1943-64) and third (1974-90) wave of democratization (Huntington 1993). As a result, 121 of the world’s 192 governments are called democracies (Karlekar 2003:8). Post-Soviet Russia, which shed authoritarian rule only in the last wave of democratization, is one of them. Article 1 of the 1993 Russian Constitution names the Russian Federation a ‘democratic, federal, rule of law state’.