Old and New Media, Old and New Politics? On- and Offline Reporting in the 2002 Ukrainian Election Campaign
These are uneasy times for Eastern European societies, most of which are still in an ambiguous transition from totalitarianism to democracy. Although after the overthrow of the non-democratic regimes they proclaimed a course towards the latter, their political future is still rather unclear as many of their political, economic and social practices contradict the notion and basic principles of democracy. The role of the media, notably press freedom and the many ways in which this is violated, is at the heart of the controversy. On the one hand, most Eastern European countries have adopted progressive media legislation and seem to have welcomed independent and private media outlets. On the other, researchers and international observers report examples of media bias, political pressure on the media and self-censorship of journalists.