chapter  8
18 Pages

State Responses to Globalizing Pressures

Experience has demonstrated that autonomous states cooperating in a liberal international economy engender wealth and well-being as well as safety and security. In addition, the path of autarky such as that taken by Myanmar (Burma) leads to economic decline, as do choices of predatory states such as Zaire and, more recently, Zimbabwe. Similarly, colonized states such as Russia since 1991 have an overall tendency to decay while an elite may enjoy a highly privileged life yet suffer from a lack of public security and safety. Developmental states offer a model, but at the same time such states exist in the context of a globalizing system that presents them with hazards even as it offers them opportunities. Thus leaders and peoples need to employ the advantages but resist those pressures that promise to interfere with their own autonomous development.