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To produce an heir, one could also adopt. In Greece, CITIZEN MEN could adopt other citizen men to whom they could also MARRY their daughters. Roman men could adopt citizen men by themselves (adoptio) or with their entire family (adrogatio); it could also be done after death via a will (AUGUSTUS). With adoption, the adoptee became legally the same as a natural son, taking a new name and rank. In the later empire, WOMEN could also adopt.