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Medicine

The WOMAN medical practitioner Elephantis (first century BCE), wrote on ABORTIFACIENTS (Pliny, HN 28.51) and COSMETICS (Galen 12:416 Kühn). MEN medical practitioners include Hippocrates of Cos (ca. 469-399 BCE) under whose name is assembled the Hippocratic cor-

pus, SORANUS of Ephesus who wrote a Gynocology, and Galen of Pergamum (129-99 CE). There are two major genres of medical texts, catalogues and monographs. The authors of monographs replaced folkloristic accounts of the body with philosophical descriptions of mechanical processes. The Hippocratic writers of catalogues, however, “maintained popular medical traditions” (Hanson 1992:33-5).