chapter  4
11 Pages


If environmental thinking after 1960 was one of the vital contemporary 'new paradigms' Kuhn had spoken of, that did not have to mean that it owed nothing to what went before. Far from it: the nature of new paradigms is not only to modify ideas or values but also to be modified by them. The deep-seated traditions of classical natural history and (mainly) nineteenth-century ideals of animal welfare, fused in the 1960s and shortly before, with twentieth-century notions of species survival and a continuing fallout of anxiety neurosis from World War II and the Cold War, to create a whole new nexus of concern, wanting only a new medium to give it form and growth.