chapter  4
6 Pages

The Structure of the Leadership

At the end of the Second World War most contemporaries, and especially those who had been persecuted by the regime or had opposed it, were firmly convinced that the Third Reich was ‘a rationally organised and highly perfected system of terrorist rule’ (H. Mommsen, 1971, col. 702). Gradually historical research showed this idea to be in need of modification. While it was more or less true as regards Hitler’s all-powerful personality and his integrating role as a leader, a different picture was presented by the multiplicity of overlapping bureaucracies and authorities in the Nazi state.