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Introduction to Part II

Even though interaction between society and self occurs from the earliest time in a person’s life (Mead, 1934; Leonard, 1984; and see Chapter 2), socialisation (the transmission of cultural values from one generation to the next) is a continuing process throughout the life cycle. Society and its social institutions are microcosmic representations of wider cultural contexts which are hierarchical and patriarchal, and entering professional life is akin to the more general socialisation process.