Environmental Capacity of a Historic City: The Chester Experience
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Historic cities in England represent perhaps the epitome of the compact city. They are free-standing settlements with strong local identities. They have well defined city centres, often physically delineated by former city walls, and high quality townscape with mixed land uses. Peripheral development has generally been controlled either by green belt policies or local restrictions, so that there is often no more than two miles between the nearest countryside and the centre.