Nantes and Turin – the single market casting its shadow
The member states involved in the initial phase of the making of the ESDP were France and The Netherlands. More precisely, it was DATAR and the Dutch Rijksplanologische Dienst (National Spatial Planning Agency) that took the lead. If the truth be told, it was individuals who seized opportunities for transnational networking with like-minded foreign colleagues. When ‘Germany’, ‘France’, or ‘the Commission’ are referred to, this actually alludes to certain individuals who are making the most of the ‘opportunity structure’ of their organization. Likewise, when the text talks about ‘the Portuguese’, ‘the French’ and so forth, it refers to the planners from these countries, who are playing the roles into which their spatial planning systems and their positions in the wider European context have cast them.