chapter  3
45 Pages

The Individual in the Present and in the Past

By the early 1970s Lyubimov’s attitude had changed: whereas in the first years he had seen society as an instrument to bring about reforms and change, he now began to perceive society less as a cohesive social force than as a group of individuals who have neither respect nor responsibility for each other; the individual therefore is tragically alone in a hostile environment. At the same time Lyubimov perfected the formal innovations he had embarked upon in the 1960s: the focus on the author, the integration of the audience, and the importance of the people (narod) as participants in social and political movements. Both thematically and formally Lyubimov had developed a series of devices which essentially served one sole purpose: to strengthen the sincerity of the individual in society as much as that of the actor on stage.