chapter  2
15 Pages

Socialism and Marxist theory

In this chapter, I begin by outlining some antecedents of utopian socialism, before considering the contributions to socialist theory of three key utopian socialists, Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier and Robert Owen. I then go on to examine Karl Marx and Frederick Engels’ critique of utopian socialism, and the Marxist conceptualisation of ‘scientific socialism’.