chapter  42
Malcolm X
Pages 8

Malcolm's ideas of black nationalism were shaped virtually from the womb by the example of his parents, Earl and Louise Little, both members of Marcus Garvey's United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). As president of the Omaha branch of the UNIA, Earl Little, who was also an itinerant Baptist preacher, vigorously proclaimed the Garveyite doctrine of racial self-help and black unity, often with Malcolm at his side. Louise Little served as reporter of the Omaha UNIA. A native of Grenada, Louise was a deeply spiritual woman who presided over her brood of eight children even as she endured the abuse of her husband, and together they heaped domestic violence on their children.