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Adult Literacy Unit (ALU) Established in 1978 under the auspices of the National Institute of Adult Education with a remit for three years to provide adult literacy tuition, excluding English as a second language. See Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Unit. adult pedagogy An activity that involves the purposeful creation of learning activities for adults. See pedagogy, social pedagogy, andragogy. Adult Performance Level (APL) Used in the United States in the 1970s in respect to the level of achievement by adults in tests for life skills and functional literacy. adult nutrition education A community education programme offered to poor people in developing countries to teach them about diet. adult religious education 1. Education about religion for adults. 2. The form of education employed by the churches to teach their members more about their own belief system. Some commentators separate adult religious education from adult Christian education. adult returner An adult who returns to formal study later in life. Often it is these potential students who require courses in study skills in order to make the most of their return to a learning environment. adult school A separately organized school for adults and young people beyond the age of compulsory schooling. The first adult school was established in Britain in 1798, in Nottingham, with the aim of teaching men and women to read the Bible. Gradually the schools offered a wider syllabus. Adult Skills Agency See Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Unit. adult training centre Centre where adults can learn new skills and techniques. Often used for education of the unemployed, but also used for those who have other social disadvantages. adult vocational education Education that is designed to provide either training or retraining for adults in order to assist them in gaining employment or advancement in their career. Adults Learning The practitioner magazine of the National Institute of Adult Continuing Education in the United Kingdom. advanced course 1. Courses that follow an introductory or foundation course. 2. Those UK further education courses that are so designated as having advanced status. advanced diploma A postgraduate award, usually part of a Masters degree programme. advanced further education Higher education, not normally available to those under 18 years of age. It covers certificate, diploma, and degree-level studies. advanced graduate standing A recognition that a student has reached a stage in the process of reading for a higher degree in the American university system, usually commencing the dissertation. Advanced International Certificate of Education (AICE) Introduced in 1986 by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate, this is a broadbased certificate for school leavers in which at least five, and maybe more,

subjects are studied in which there must be one subject from each of the following: mathematics and science, languages, and the arts and humanities. advanced organizer A short introduction to prepare readers or listeners for the thesis or argument that is to follow, so that they can adjust themselves mentally in order to comprehend more clearly what follows. advanced placement test A test designed to appraise whether a student can bypass an initial course in a college and commence at a more advanced level. advanced standing The status of students who have received credits as part of the course requirements with respect to their prior learning. advisement 1. An American term for supervision of postgraduate students. 2. A US term for guidance and counselling of undergraduate students, especially in relation to course choice. advisor 1. In the United Kingdom, the term has been used for a Local Education Authority person who is employed to advise teachers, eg an adult education advisor. The advisor acts as an inspector. 2. In the United States, the term is used to refer to one who advises students about the selection of courses and about the directions of their research. advisory centre A centre in which educational guidance can be offered to adults. Advisory Council of Adult and Continuing Education (ACACE) Established in 1977 in the UK to advise the Secretary of State about adult and continuing education. It functioned until 1983. The Russell Committee actually proposed a Development Council. advocacy 1. The act of speaking out on behalf of another. Often adult educators need to perform this role or to prepare others to perform it. 2. Advocacy sometimes occurs in human resource development, especially when alternative strategies are being examined. advocate One who speaks out on behalf of others. AEDNET An experimental electronic network for adult educators, initiated by the Department of Adult Education at the University of Syracuse. aesthetics Study of the nature of art forms in society from a variety of perspectives. A sub-discipline of philosophy, and an occasional subject on programmes in adult education. aetiology Examination of the causes and derivations of psychological and social states. affective domain The aspect of life that relates to the emotions or affections. Adult educators have concentrated upon this domain more systematically than have those working in initial education. affective education The education of the emotions, sometimes referred to as experiential education, although this is a restrictive use of the concept of experience. affective learning Aspects of learning that have been gained through emotional experiences rather than intellectualism, whether in a formal educational setting or otherwise.