Danish Council for Adult Education Founded in 1941, co-ordinating body for all voluntary adult education in Denmark. data (datum, singular) General term for raw research material or information. database Collection of data, usually on computer. database system Mechanism for organizing and managing the database. day folk high school (Daghøjskoler) Recently started in Denmark as daytime adult education institutions with full-time staff, rather than being run on the lines of the evening school. day release The allowance of a day, or a part of a day, each week release from work to follow a course of study. day training centre Established in 1972 in the United Kingdom as a result of a Criminal Justice Act, which can enforce young offenders to attend a training centre on a probation order. deaf Persons whose ability to hear has been impaired so that it affects their learning performance even with the aid of amplification. They have to use other senses to receive information and stimuli. deaf-blind People who have both visual and hearing impediments so that they are unable to learn under normal circumstances and require special educational provisions. dean An academic office in an educational institution, usually head of the Faculty in a United Kingdom university and head of a College in an American educational institution-responsible for both academic and administrative affairs. death education Consists of two elements preparing members of the caring professions to cope with death and dying; and helping individuals to come to terms with their own feelings about their own transience. This form of education is becoming a more established part of adult education programmes. See also gerontology. death instinct Term used in Freudian psychology to refer to the urge to destroy. debate 1. The formal academic defence of, and opposition to, a proposition. 2. A method of teaching and learning, in which a proposition is defended and opposed by small teams of students. decay Term used in research into memory relating to the fact that recall becomes less efficient over time.