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K
Pages 6

The son of John Neville Keynes, a Cambridge economist, philosopher and administrator, and Florence Ada (Brown), Cambridge's first woman town councillor and later its mayor, Maynard Keynes made contributions that extended well beyond academic economics. After an education at Eton and King's College, Cambridge (BA in Mathematics 1905), his first career was that of a civil servant in the India Office (1906-8). Although he soon returned to Cambridge to lecture in economics (1908-20) and be a Fellow of King's (1909-46), he never lost his connection with the world of affairs. He served as a member of the Royal Commission on Indian Finance and Currency (1913-14), was a wartime Treasury official eventually in charge of Britain's external financial relations (1915-19), a member of the Macmillan Committee on Finance and Industry (1929-31), a member of the Economic Advisory Council (1930-9), an adviser to the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1940-6) and a director of the Bank of England (1941-6).