chapter  3
The standard handbooks
Pages 22

The formulation of strict theory and the solution of many problems that had baffled the early Indo-Europeanists prepared the way for a large number of publications in the last half of the nineteenth century. By the end of the century the field had attracted many capable and highly trained scholars. They were editing the important texts and producing handbooks, many of which are used today after numerous editions. For the first time in its long tradition, the Rigveda was published, to the

initial consternation of the Brahmins; subsequently, on recognizing that they could no longer count on oral preservation by means of dedicated young men, they were grateful to Max Muller and others who kept their sacred text from loss. We still make use of Muller’s text with its represen­ tation of the Rigveda in both the pada or word-by-word form and the samhita or phrasal form, as well as of the transliterated text by Aufrecht. Editions of other important texts have also remained definitive, such as Sievers’s of the manuscripts of the Old Saxon Heliand, and his edition of the Old High German Tatian, among careful editions of central texts in many of the languages. Moreover, grammars, dictionaries and other monographs on specific topics were being published. Journals were estab­ lished to circulate the latest findings: in addition to Kuhn’s, the journal of the Indogermanische Gesellschaft, with its review section that led to an annual bibliography. Similar developments could be cited in other countries, France, Great Britain, Italy, Russia, the Scandinavian countries, the United States, though there is no question that Germany, especially Leipzig, was the center of linguistic and Indo-European studies. The time was right for production of syntheses, or in the German term

Grundrisse “compendia.” These were undertaken in a variety of fields, such as Germanic, Indie, Iranian and Romance studies. For IndoEuropean linguistics the responsibility was assumed by two scholars, Karl Brugmann and Berthold Delbrtick. The field was and remains highly Sources for this chapter: Brugmann (1897-1916); Delbriick (1893-1900); Hirt (1921-37); Meillet (1937); Szemerenyi (1970 [1989]).