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political parties

This particularly Italian phenomenon has been known as partitocrazia or ‘rule by parties’, a term coined by Giuseppe Maranini in 1960s and much used to characterize the failures of the so-called ‘First’ Republic, another term used to indicate the intricate system of party dealings which typified Italian politics until the earthquake represented by the 1992 elections and their aftermath. Romano’s observation is hardly less valid for the so-called Second Republic.