Pope John XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli)
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In 1920 Roncalli entered the missionary congregation Propaganda Fide (Propagation of the Faith), becoming archbishop and apostolic delegate to Bulgaria in 1925 and to Turkey (with responsibility for Greece) in 1935. These difficult postings gave him an experience of diplomacy and an ecumenical perspective, and when the Second World War came he also became involved in saving Jews. In 1944 he was appointed nuncio to France with the task of dealing with the problematic worker priests and with De Gaulle’s demand for the removal of thirty-three bishops who had collaborated with Vichy. In the end, only eight bishops were removed.