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Quaroni, Ludovico

Architect, urban planner and educator In the late 1930s, Quaroni worked on exhibitions, luxurious residential buildings and designs for the Foro Mussolini. After spending five years in India as a prisoner of war, his interests shifted towards low-cost housing projects such as his exemplary Tiburtino quarter, designed in 1950, and the La Martella housing development at Matera from 1952. His churches in La Martella, S. Franco at Francavilla al Mare and the Holy Family in Genoa are modest in scale but conceptually stunning. His winning collaborative competition design for the pedestrian passage for the New Termini Railroad Station in Rome is often considered a turning point for Italian postwar modernism. As one of the major figures of Roman postwar realism, Quaroni contributed to the intellectual integration of populist themes and the use of regional materials. In urban planning he addressed the issues associated with the North-South dichotomy, especially after joining the Continuità movement in 1956. His last project was a ‘basilical’ completion of the Opera House in Rome from 1983, which he characterized as ‘post-antique’.