chapter
10 Pages

intellectuals

The social and political role of Italian intellectuals, and in particular the related ethics and obligations of such a role, came into dramatic crisis in the 1990s due to new factors such as globalization, information technology and the influence of the media (see Berlusconi). Such factors diminished the position of intellectuals in the 1990s, whereas for most of the postwar period they had been accorded a central role in Italian society. This privileged position was fostered above all by Benedetto Croce in 1902-45, then expressed most of all in the works of Antonio Gramsci and only gradually challenged after the 1970s by the views of Norberto Bobbio and more particularly by Umberto Eco.