legal system
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Italy, like most of the continental European countries, has a legal system based on codified legislation-the so-called ‘civil law’ tradition-in contrast with the ‘common law’ tradition developed in England. This system distinguishes between public law (both international and domestic) and private law, the former being concerned with legal relationships in which at least one of the parties is the government or the state (or some body of it) while the latter deals with rules which regulate relationships among individuals or groups of individuals.