Revisioning the concept of the self
In addition to the challenges about its ‘empiricism, objectivism, behaviorism, operationalism, reductionism, materialism, mechanism, universalism’ (Gabrenya, 1988, p. 50), as well as its ethnocentrism, racism, scientism, and sexism, psychology has recently come in for criticism regarding its individuocentrism. It is the independent and self-sufficient individual that is regarded as the unit of the social system. Considering psychology’s adherence to the approach of scientific analysis, which is of necessity reductionistic, it is perhaps not all that surprising that the individual as a self-sufficient entity has become the focus of the discipline. Concern about psychology’s individuocentrism has been widespread. Unfortunately, space limitations prevent a full discussion of all the areas from which concern has emanated.