In Chapter 3 we noted that until the 1970s there were labour shortages in the UK, but since then near full employment has given way to slower growth and mass unemployment. Since the 1970s there have been insufficient jobs in the UK for the working population (see Chapter 3), and for increasing numbers in paid work it has become less secure and reliable (Hutton 1995). The income received from paid work is essential for maintaining well-being for most individuals and households in the UK (for a fuller discussion see Chapter 4). A distinctive geography of paid work has emerged, with regional divergence (a North-South divide), as well as growing inequalities at intra-regional and intra-urban levels. In this chapter we focus on the changing geography of paid work to see how changes in the economic environment, social trends and demographic developments
ployment over the last few decades (Box 8.1). This introduction is followed by a discussion of paid and unpaid work, unemployment and economic inactivity. The third section examines paid work through the lens of sectoral change. Section four highlights demography, social change and paid work. In section five changing work practices are featured. But first we will briefly explore the relationship between home and work.