State and Local Housing Policy and the Nonproﬁ t Sector
Th e federal government is no longer the preeminent player in U.S. housing policy. State and local governments, along with a variety of nonproﬁ t organizations, have become central to the development and implementation of housing policy and programs since the 1980s. Th e federal government encouraged this shift through its policies of “devolution.” Categorical, highly centralized programs, such as public housing and Section 8 New Construction, have given way to block grants that give states and localities much more latitude to devise their own housing programs. In addition to block grants, many states and localities have developed housing programs funded by other revenue sources, often in the form of housing trust funds.