chapter  14
6 Pages


Horsemen have used lances, long thrusting spears, ever since cavalry itself came to be, and such weapons are found among many Indo-European nations: a Mycenaean horseman wields a big lance about 1200 BC; Massagetae and Chorasmians of Central Asia had horse lancers by the early first millennium; and Median lancers are known by the eighth century BC.1 A Celtic Hallstatt scabbard of the fifth-century BC shows horsemen with spears twice as long as their steeds,2 and according to Polybius, Roman horsemen of the Middle Republic fought with such weapons.3