chapter
Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)
Pages 15

The predominance of psychoanalysis and behaviorist thinking in psychology for most of the twentieth century consigned Jung’s theories to the fringes of psychology. Though often seen, inaccurately, as a disciple of Freud, Jung was well on the way to developing his own psychology of the unconscious before meeting Freud in 1907, a psychology that Jung continued to refine for nearly fifty years following his formal break with Freud in 1912. The concept responsible in part for their break-Jung’s notion of a collective unconscious, common to all human beings, organized into typical patterns of psychological experience that he called archetypes-remains his best-known theoretical contribution, and Jung consistently refused to place sexuality at the center of psychological development, insisting on psychological growth as a life-long process, not one ending with childhood.