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Although Marc-André Raffalovich is remembered today primarily as the devoted lifelong companion of poet and priest John Gray, he was, in his own time, a poet of some distinction and an important contributor to the developing field of sexology. A Russian Jew born in Paris, Raffalovich moved to England in 1882, settling in London to make a name for himself as a wealthy young writer and socialite. His first published book, Cyril and Lionel and Other Poems (1884), was followed by four other books of vaguely homoerotic verse, including Tuberose and Meadowsweet (1885), considered by recent critics to be his best work. Raffalovich also wrote two novels and several plays, some coauthored with Gray, whom he met in 1892.