Globalisation, in its various aspects, and armed conﬂicts are arguably among the most important determinants for the future of terrorism. Their multiple impacts are not necessarily direct, however, even if certain aspects of globalisation, such as increased ﬂow of capital, commodities, people and ideas across borders have a profound eﬀect on the environment in which terrorists operate and on the means available to them. As already alluded to, the impact of globalisation will be a recurrent theme throughout this book, as its inﬂuences on more speciﬁc processes of change are explored. Globalisation has also altered the nature and ramiﬁcations of armed conﬂicts. In this chapter, I will explore the most salient features of globalisation and armed conﬂicts and suggest diﬀerent ways in which they will shape the future of terrorism.