chapter  7
Illusions about El Dorado of untapped bullion
Pages 3

IN 1859 at the opening of Anglo-Japanese diplomacy Britain and Japan appeared natural adversaries. Britain was powerful, expansive and imperial. Japan was weak and divided, reluctantly emerging from two centuries of detachment from the diplomatic world. Vast differences of wealth, culture and organisation provided ready grounds for mutual suspicion; and ignorance spawned myths which increased the danger of violent conflict.