chapter  29
The Re-Education of Imperial Japan
Pages 15

IN 1868 Japan already possessed the most effective system of education in Asia. Each domain provided official schools for warriors to study Confucianism and the literary arts, and temple schools taught ‘reading, writing and the abacus’ to increasing numbers of peasants, traders and artisans. Literacy rates were higher than in large areas of Europe and Western observers praised the high educational standards of the common people.1