Conclusion and consequences The end of empire
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The Mediterranean theater varied in importance as the Second World War progressed. Before the entry of Italy in June 1940 it was inactive; from that time onward, until the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, it was the main operational area and the only one where there was fighting on land. It assumed increasing significance, especially after the AngloAmerican landings in French north-west Africa in November 1942, until August 1943 when plans for the cross-channel invasion of Europe were approved. However, after Operation Overlord was mounted in June 1944, the Mediterranean became a secondary theater.