chapter
Background to war Italian imperialism
Pages 4

Benito Mussolini became prime minister of Italy in October 1922 as head of the Fassci di Combattimento, the Fascist Party, which enabled him to assume dictatorial powers three years later. His regime inherited the colonies of Libya, Eritrea, Italian Somaliland and the Dodecanese Islands but during his early years Mussolini pursued a comparatively pacifist foreign policy. While still trying to secure his own domestic support he emphasized that fascism would try to be an element of equilibrium and peace in Europe, and secure Italy’s interests by respecting treaties of mutual friendship.