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Cicero) actus Dei nemini facit injuriam: the act of God does injury to no one actus Dei nemini nocet: the act of God brings harm to no one actus legis nulli facit injuriam: the act of the law does injury to no one

actus me invito factus, non est meus adversus miseros … inhumanus est

actus me invito factus, non est meus actus: an act done against my will is not my act

actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea: the act does not make the person guilty, unless the mind be guilty

ad auctores redit sceleris coacti culpa: the guilt of enforced crimes lies on those who impose them (Seneca)

ad calamitatem quilibet rumor valet: any rumor is sufficient against calamity (i.e., when a disaster happens, every report confirming it obtains ready credence)

ad damnum adderetur injuria: that would be adding insult to injury (Cicero) ad Græcas kalendas soluturos: they will pay at the Greek calends (i.e., never; there

is no Greek calends) (Cæsar Augustus) ad mala quisque animum referat sua: let each recall his own woes (Ovid) ad nocendum potentes sumus: we all have power to do harm (Seneca) ad perditam securim manubrium adjicere: to throw the handle after the hatchet

(i.e., to give up in despair) ad perniciem solet agi sinceritas: honesty is often goaded to ruin (Phædrus) ad pœnitendum properat, cito qui judicat: the one who judges in haste repents in

haste (Publilius Syrus) ad præsens ova cras pullis sunt meliora: eggs today are better than chickens

tomorrow (i.e., a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush) ad quæstionem legis respondent judices, ad quæstionem facti respondent

juratores: it is the judge’s business to answer to the question of law, the jury’s to answer to the question of fact

ad tristem partem strenua est suspicio: one is quick to suspect where one has suffered harm before (or, the losing side is full of suspicion) (Publilius Syrus)

ad vivendum velut ad natandum is melior qui onere liberior: he is better equipped for life, as for swimming, who has the lesser to carry (Apuleius)

addecet honeste vivere: it much becomes us to live honorably addere legi justitiam decus: it is to one’s honor to combine justice with law adeo facilius est multa facere quam diu: it is much easier to try one’s hand at many

things than to concentrate one’s powers on one thing (Quintilian) adeo in teneris consuescere multum est: so much depends upon habit in the

tender years (i.e., such are the advantages of an early education) (Virgil) adhibenda est in jocando moderatio: moderation should be used in joking (Cicero) adhuc tua messis in herba est: your crop is still in grass (Ovid) adjuvat in bello pacatæ ramus olivæ: in war the olive branch of peace is of use (Ovid) adolescentem verecundum esse decet: it becomes a young man to be modest

(Plautus) adsit regula, peccatis quæ pœnas irroget æquas: have a rule apportioning to each

offense its appropriate penalty (Horace) adversæ res admonent religionum: adversity reminds men of religion (Livy) adversus miseros … inhumanus est jocus: jokes directed against the unfortunate

are inhumane (Quintilian)

adversus solem ne loquitor

aliena pericula, cautiones nostræ

adversus solem ne loquitor: neither speak against the sun (i.e., do not dispute with what is obvious)

ædificatum solo, solo cedit: the thing built on the land goes with the land ægrescit medendo: he grows worse with the treatment (i.e., the remedy is worse

than the disease) (adapted from Virgil) ægroto, dum anima est, spes est: to the sick, while there is life there is hope

(Cicero) æmulatio æmulationem parit: emulation begets emulation æqua lege necessitas, sortitur insignes et imos: necessity apportions impartiality

to the high and the low (Horace) æqua tellus pauperi recluditur regumque pueris: the impartial earth opens alike

for the child of the pauper and that of the king (Horace) æquabit nigras candida una dies: one single bright day will equal the black ones æquari pavet alta minori: a lofty thing fears being made equal with a lower æquo animo pœnam, qui meruere, ferant: let those who have deserved their

punishment bear it patiently (Ovid) æquum est peccatis veniam poscentem reddere rursus: the one who asks pardon

for faults should grant the same to others (Horace) ære quandoque salutem redimendam: safety must sometimes be bought with

money ærugo animi, rubigo ingenii: rusty mind, blighted genius (i.e., idleness is the blight

of genius) æs debitorem leve, gravius inimicum facit: a slight debt produces a debtor, a large

one an enemy (Laberius) æstimatio delicti præteriti ex post facto non crescit: the nature of a crime is not

altered by subsequent acts ætatem non tegunt tempora: our temples do not conceal our age ævo rarissima nostro simplicitas: simplicity is nowadays very rare (Ovid) age officium tuum: act your office agentes, et consentientes, pari pœna puniendi: those acting and those consenting

ought to bear equal punishment agite pro viribus: act according to your strength alia res sceptrum, alia plectrum: ruling men is one thing, entertaining them is

another aliæ nationes servitutem pati possunt, populi Romani est propria libertas:

other nations may be able to put up with slavery, but liberty is peculiar to the Roman people (Cicero)

aliena nobis, nostra plus aliis placent: other people’s things are more pleasing to us, and ours to other people (Publilius Syrus)

aliena opprobria sæpe absterrent vitiis: we are often deterred from crime by the disgrace of others (Horace)

aliena optimum frui insania: it is best to profit by the madness of others aliena pericula, cautiones nostræ: others’ dangers are our warnings

aliena vitia in oculis habemus amabit sapiens, cupient cæteri

aliena vitia in oculis habemus, a tergo nostra sunt: the vices of others we have before our eyes, our own are behind our backs (Seneca)

alieno in loco haud stabile regnum est: the throne of another is not stable (i.e., sovereignty over a foreign land is insecure) (Seneca)

alienos agros irrigas tuis sitientibus: you water the fields of others while your own are parched

alienum est omne quicquid optando evenit: what we obtain merely by asking is not really our own (Publilius Syrus)

alii sementem faciunt, alii metentem: some do the planting, others the reaping aliis lætus, sapiens sibi: cheerful for others, wise for himself aliorum medicus, ipse ulceribus scates: a physician to others, while you yourself

are full of ulcers aliquando bonus dormitat Homerus: sometimes even the good Homer nods off

(Horace) aliquando et insanire jucundum est: it is pleasant at times to play the madman

(Seneca) aliquid mali propter vicinum malum: something bad from a bad neighbor (i.e., to

be harmed because of an evil neighbor) aliquis malo sit usus ab illo: let us derive some use or benefit from that evil aliquis non debet esse judex in propria causa: no one should be a judge in his own

cause aliter catuli longe olent, aliter sues: puppies and pigs have a very different smell

(Plautus) alitur vitium vivitque tegendo: the taint is nourished and lives by being concealed

(i.e., vice lives and thrives by secrecy) (Virgil) aliud est celare, aliud tacere: it is one thing to conceal, another to be silent aliud legunt pueri, aliud viri, aliud senes: boys read books one way, men another,

old men another (Terence) alium silere quod valeas (or voles), primus sile: to make another person hold his

tongue, be first silent (Seneca) alius est amor, alius cupido: love is one thing, lust another (Lucius Afranius) alius peccat, alius plectitur: one man sins, the other is punished allegans contraria non est audiendus: no one is to be heard whose evidence is

contradictory alta sedent civilis vulnera dextræ: deep-seated are the wounds dealt out in civil

conflict (or civil wars) (Lucan) alteri sic tibi: do to another as to yourself alterum alterius auxilio eget: one thing needs the help of another altissima quæque flumina minimo sono labuntur: the deepest rivers flow with the

least noise (i.e., still waters run deep) (Curtius) ama et fac quod vis: love and do what you will (adapted from St. Augustine) amabit sapiens, cupient cæteri: the wise man loves, the others are lecherous

(Lucius Afranius)

amans iratus multa mentitur

amittit merito proprium

amans iratus multa mentitur: an angry lover tells himself many lies (Publilius Syrus)

amantes amentes: in love, in delirium (Terence) amantes sunt amentes: lovers are lunatics (Terence) amantium iræ amoris redintegratio est: the quarrels of lovers are the renewal of

love (Terence) amare et sapere vix deo conceditur: even a god finds it hard to love and be wise at

the same time (Publilius Syrus and Laberius) amarus vitiorum fructus: the fruit of sin is bitter amat victoria curam: victory and care are close friends ambiguum pactum contra venditorem interpretandum est: an ambiguous

contract is to be interpreted against the seller amici probantur rebus adversis: friends are proved by adversity (Cicero) amici vitium ni feras, prodis tuum: unless you bear with the faults of a friend, you

betray your own (Publilius Syrus) amicitia fucata vitanda: feigned friendship [is] to be avoided amicitia semper prodest, amor et nocet: friendship always benefits, love

sometimes injures (Seneca and Publilius Syrus) amicitiæ immortales, mortales inimicitias debere esse: friendships should be

immortal, enmities should be mortal (Livy) amico ficto nulla fit injuria: no injury is done to a feigned friend amicorum esse communia omnia: friends’ goods are common property amicos esse fures temporis: friends are thieves of time (Francis Bacon) amicum ita habeas, posse ut fieri hunc inimicum scias: be on such terms with

your friend as if you knew that he might one day become your enemy (Laberius) amicum perdere est damnorum maximum: to lose a friend is the greatest of all

losses (Publilius Syrus) amicus certus in re incerta cernitur: a true friend is certain when certainty is

uncertain (i.e., a friend in need is a friend indeed) (Ennius) amicus est unus animus in duobus corporibus: a friend is one soul in two bodies

(Aristotle) amicus in necessitate probatur: a friend is proven in time of necessity (or, a friend

in need is a friend indeed) amicus Plato, amicus Socrates, sed magis amica veritas: Plato is my friend,

Socrates is my friend, but truth is more my friend amicus Plato, sed magis amica veritas: Plato is my friend, but truth is more my friend amicus verus rara avis: a true friend is a rare bird amicus vitæ solatium: a friend is the solace of life amittimus iisdem modis quibus acquirimus: we gain and lose by the same means amittit famam qui se indignis comparat: he loses repute who compares himself

with unworthy people (Phædrus) amittit merito proprium, qui alienum appetit: the one who covets what is

another’s deservedly loses what is his own (Phædrus)

amor animi arbitrio sumitur appetitus rationi pareat

amor animi arbitrio sumitur, non ponitur: we choose to love, we do not chose to cease loving (Publilius Syrus)

amor Dei et proximi summa beatitudo: the love of God and our neighbor is the highest happiness

amor et melle et felle est fecundissimus: love has both honey and gall in abundance (Plautus)

amor gignit amorem: love begets love amor omnibus idem: love is the same in all (Virgil) amor tussisque non celantur: love, and a cough, are not concealed (Ovid) amoris vulnus idem sanat qui facit: love’s wounds are cured by love itself (Publilius

Syrus) an nescis longas regibus esse manus?: do you not know that kings have long

hands? (Ovid) an quisquam est alius liber, nisi ducere vitam cui licet, ut voluit?: is any man

free except the one who can pass his life as he pleases? (Persius) anguillam cauda tenes: you hold an eel by the tail (i.e., you have caught a lion by

the tail) anguis in herba latet: a snake concealed in the grass animi cultus quasi quidam humanitatis cibus: cultivation is as necessary to the

soul as food is to the body (Cicero) animi scrinium servitus: servitude [is] the cage of the soul animo ægrotanti medicus est oratio: kind words are as a physician to an afflicted

spirit animum rege, qui nisi paret imperat: rule your spirit well, for if it is not subject to

you, it will rule over you (Horace) animus æquus optimum est ærumnæ condimentum: a patient mind is the best

remedy for trouble (Plautus) animus est nobilitas: the soul is the nobility animus hominis est anima scripti: the intention of the person is the intention of

the written instrument animus tamen omnia vincit; ille etiam vires corpus habere facit: courage

conquers all things; it even gives strength to the body (Ovid) annus inceptus habetur pro completo: a year begun we reckon as completed ante victoriam ne canas triumphum: do not celebrate your triumph before you

have conquered antiquissima quæque commenticia: all that is most ancient is a lie (or, a fiction) antiquitas sæculi juventus mundi: ancient times were the youth of the world

(Francis Bacon) aperit præcordia liber: wine opens the seals of the heart (Horace) aperte mala cum est mulier, tum demum est bona: when a woman is openly bad,

she then is at the best (i.e., open dishonesty is preferable to concealed hypocrisy) apex est autem senectutis auctoritas: the crown of old age is authority (Cicero) appetitus rationi pareat: let your desires be governed by reason (Cicero)

aqua profunda est quieta

attendite vobis

aqua profunda est quieta: still water runs deep aquam a pumice nunc postulas: you are trying to get water from a stone (Plautus) arbore dejecta quivis (or qui vult) ligna colligit: when the tree is thrown down,

anyone who wishes may gather the wood (i.e., even the lowliest will gather the fruits of the fallen tyrant)

arbores serit diligens agricola, quarum aspiciet baccam ipse nunquam: the industrious husbandman plants trees, not one berry of which he will ever see (Cicero)

arcanum demens detegit ebrietas: mad drunkenness discloses every secret (Virgil) arcum intensio frangit, animum remissio: straining breaks the bow, and relaxation

the mind (Publilius Syrus) ardua deturbans vis animosa quatit: the strength of courage shatters higher things ardua enim res famam præcipitantem retrovertere: it is a hard thing to prop up a

falling reputation (Francis Bacon) ardua res hæc est opibus non tradere mores: it is a hard thing not to surrender

morals for riches (Martial) arma pacis fulcra: arms are the props (or buttresses) of peace arma tenenti omnia dat, qui justa negat: the one who refuses what is just, gives up

everything to an enemy in arms (Lucan) ars fit ubi a teneris crimen condiscitur annis: where crime is taught from early

years, it becomes a part of nature (Ovid) ars prima regni posse te invidiam pati: the first art to be learned by a ruler is to

endure envy (Seneca) ars varia vulpis, ast una echino maxima: the fox has many tricks, the hedgehog has

one, and it is the greatest of them artes serviunt vitæ; sapientia imperat: the arts are the servants of life; wisdom its

master (Seneca) asinus asino, et sus sui pulcher: as an ass is beautiful to an ass, so a pig is to a pig asperæ facetiæ, ubi nimis ex vero traxere, acrem sui memoriam relinquunt: a

bitter jest, when it comes too near the truth, leaves a sharp sting behind it (Tacitus) asperius nihil est humili cum surgit in altum: nothing is more harsh (or galling)

than a low man raised to a high position (Claudian) aspirat primo Fortuna labori: Fortune smiles upon our first effort (Virgil) assiduus usus uni rei deditus et ingenium et artem sæpe vincit: constant

practice devoted to one subject often outdoes both intelligence and skill (Cicero) at caret insidiis hominum, quia mitis, hirundo: the swallow is not ensnared by

men because of its gentle nature (Ovid) at pulchrum est digito monstrari et dicier: his est: it is pleasing to be pointed at

with the finger and to have it said: there he goes (Persius) atria regum hominibus plena sunt, amicis vacua: the courts of kings are full of

men, empty of friends (Seneca) atrocitatis mansuetudo est remedium: gentleness is the remedy for cruelty

(Phædrus) attendite vobis: attend to yourselves

auctor pretiosa facit barbaris ex fortuna pendet fides

auctor pretiosa facit: the giver makes the gift precious (adapted from Ovid) audacter calumniare, semper aliquid hæret: hurl calumny boldly, some of it

always sticks (Francis Bacon) audax ad omnia fœmina, quæ vel amat vel odit: a woman, when she either loves

or hates, will dare anything audendo magnus tegitur timor: great fear is concealed under daring (Lucan) audi alteram partem: hear the other party (i.e., listen to both sides) (St. Augustine) audi, vide, tace, si vis vivere in pace: use your ears and eyes, but hold your tongue,

if you would live in peace audiatur et altera pars: let the other side also have a hearing (Seneca) audire est operæ pretium: it is worth your while to hear (Horace) auri sacra fames quid non?: what does the accursed greed for gold not drive men to

do? auro loquente nihil pollet quævis ratio: when gold speaks, not even the least

reason avails auro quæque janua panditur: a golden key opens any door aurum omnes victa jam pietate colunt: all men now worship gold, all other types

of reverence being done away auscultare disce, si nescis loqui: if you do not know how to talk, learn to listen

(Pomponius Bononiensis) aut disce, aut discede; manet sors tertia, cædi: either learn, or depart; a third

course is open to you, and that is, submit to be flogged aut non tentaris, aut perfice: either do not try it or go through with it (Ovid) aut nunquam tentes aut perfice: either never attempt or accomplish (i.e., try not,

do!; after Ovid) aut prodesse volunt aut delectare poëtæ: poets wish either to profit or to please

(Horace) aut regem aut fatuum nasci oportere: a man ought to be born either a king or a

fool (Seneca) auxilia humilia firma consensus facit: union gives strength to the humblest of aids

(Laberius and Publilius Syrus) auxilium non leve vultus habet: a pleasing countenance is no small advantage

(Ovid) avarus, nisi cum moritur, nil recte facit: a miser does nothing right except when he


barbæ tenus sapientes: men are wise as far as their beards (referring to those who pretend to have knowledge they do not in fact possess)

barbaris ex fortuna pendet fides: the fidelity of barbarians depends on fortune (Livy)

bastardus nullius est filius

bis est gratum quod opus est, si ultro

bastardus nullius est filius, aut filius populi: a bastard is the son of no one, or the son of the people

beati monoculi in regione cærcorum: blessed is the one-eyed person in the country of the blind

beatus autem esse sine virtute nemo potest: no one can be happy without virtue (Cicero)

beatus enim nemo dici potest extra veritatem projectus: no one can be called happy who is living a life of falsehood (Seneca)

bella gerant alii: leave war to others (Ovid) bellum nec timendum nec provocandum: war ought neither to be dreaded nor

provoked (Pliny the Younger) bene agendo nunquam defessus: never weary of doing good (after Galatians 6:9) bene dormit, qui non sentit quod male dormiat: he sleeps well who is not

conscious that he sleeps ill bene est cui Deus obtulit parca quod satis est manu: well for him to whom God

has given enough with a sparing hand bene orasse est bene studuisse: to have prayed well is to have striven well (Ovid) bene qui latuit bene vixit: well has he lived who has lived a retired life (i.e., he who

has lived in obscurity has lived in security) (Ovid) bene qui pacifice: he lives well who lives peacefully bene qui sedulo: he lives well who lives industriously beneficia dare qui nescit, injuste petit: the one who knows not how to confer a

kindness has not the right to ask any for himself beneficia plura recipit qui scit reddere: he receives the most favors who knows

how to return them (Publilius Syrus) beneficium accipere libertatem vendere est: to accept a favor is to sell one’s

liberty (Publilius Syrus and Laberius) beneficium dignis ubi des, omnes obliges: where you confer a benefit on those

worthy of it, you confer a favor on all (Publilius Syrus) beneficium invito non datur: no benefit can be conferred upon one who will not

accept it beneficium non est, cujus sine rubore meminisse non possum: a favor that a

person cannot recall without a blush is not a favor (Seneca) beneficium non in eo quot fit aut datur consistit sed in ipso dantis aut facientis

animo: a benefit consists not in what is done or given, but in the intention of the giver or doer (Seneca)

benignus etiam dandi causam cogitat: even the benevolent man reflects upon the cause of giving

bibamus, moriendum est: let us drink, death is certain (Seneca the Elder) bilingues cavendi: one should beware of the double-tongued bis dat qui cito dat: he gives twice who gives quickly (Cervantes) bis dat qui temptestive donat: he gives twice who gives on time bis est gratum quod opus est, si ultro offeras: the kindness is doubled if what

must be given is given willingly

bis interimitur qui suis armis perit bos lassus fortius figit pedem

bis interimitur qui suis armis perit: he dies twice who perishes by his own weapons (i.e., by his own devices) (Publilius Syrus)

bis peccare in bello non licet: it is not permitted to err twice in war bis pueri senes: old men are twice children bis repetita placent: that which pleases is twice repeated (Horace) bis vincit qui se vincit: he conquers twice who conquers himself bis vivit qui bene vivit: he lives twice who lives well bona nemini hora est, ut non alicui sit mala: there is no hour good for one man

that is not bad for another (Publilius Syrus) bonæ leges malis ex moribus proceantur: good laws grow out of evil acts

(Macrobius) bonarum rerum consuetudo pessima est: nothing is worse than being accustomed

to good things (or good fortune) (Publilius Syrus) boni judicis est lites dirimere: a good judge is one who prevents litigation boni pastoris est tondere pecus, non deglubere: it is the duty of a good shepherd

to shear his sheep, not to flay them (Emperor Tiberius, in reference to taxation) bonis a divitibus nihil timendum: good men ought to fear nothing from the rich bonis nocet quisquis pepercerit malis: he hurts the good who spares the bad

(Publilius Syrus) bonis quod bene fit (or benefit) haud perit: whatever good is done for good men

is never done in vain (Plautus) bonitas non est pessimis esse meliorem: it is not goodness to be better than the

worst (Seneca) bonum ego quam beatum me esse nimio dici mavolo: I would rather be called

good than well off (Plautus) bonum est fugienda aspicere in alieno malo: it is good to see in the misfortune of

another what we should shun ourselves (Publilius Syrus) bonum est, pauxillum amare sane, insane non bonum est: it is good to be

moderately sane in love, but it is not good to be insanely in love (Plautus) bonum magis carendo quam fruendo cernitur: that which is good is perceived

more strongly in its absence than in its enjoyment bonum vinum lætificat cor hominis: good wine makes men’s hearts rejoice bonum virum facile crederes, magnum libenter: you might believe a good man

easily, a great man with pleasure (Tacitus) bonus animus in mala re dimidium est mali: good courage in a bad circumstance

is half of the evil overcome (Plautus) bonus atque fidus judex honestum prætulit utili: a good and faithful judge ever

prefers the honorable to the expedient (Horace) bonus dux bonum reddit militem: the good leader makes good soldiers bonus judex damnat improbanda, non odit: the good judge condemns the crime,

but does not hate the criminal (Seneca) bonus vir semper tiro: a good man is always learning bos lassus fortius figit pedem: the tired ox plants its foot more firmly

brevis ipsa vita est sed malis fit

casta ad virum matrona parendo

brevis ipsa vita est sed malis fit longior (also, brevis ipsa vita est sed longior malis): life itself is short but evils make it longer (Publilius Syrus)

brevis voluptas mox doloris est parens: short-lived pleasure is the parent of pain brevissima ad divitias per contemptum divitiarum via est: the shortest way to

wealth lies in the contempt of wealth (Seneca)

cadit ira metu: fear causes anger to subside (Ovid) cæca invidia est: envy is blind (Livy) cæcus non judicat de colore: the blind do not judge of colors cælum (or cœlum) non animum mutant qui trans mare currunt: they change the

sky, not their soul, who run across the sea (Horace) Cæsar non supra grammaticos: Cæsar has no authority over the grammarians cæteris major qui melior: the one who is better than all others is greater calamitosus est animus futuri anxius: dreadful is the state of that mind that is

anxious about the future (Seneca) calumniam contra calumniatorem virtus repellit: virtue turns calumny back

against the calumniator camelus desiderans cornua etiam aures perdidit: the camel, begging for horns,

was deprived of its ears as well candida pax homines, trux decet ira feras: white-robed peace becomes men,

savage anger becomes wild beasts (Ovid) candide secure: honesty is the best policy canis timidus vehementius latrat quam mordet (pl. canes timidi vehementius

latrant quam mordent): a timid dog barks more violently than it bites (Curtius) cantabit vacuus coram latrone viator: the empty-handed traveler sings before the

robber (i.e., the penniless man has nothing to lose) (Juvenal) capiat qui capere possit: let him take who can (i.e., catch as catch can) captantes capti sumus: we catchers have been caught (i.e., the biter is bitten) cara Deo nihilo carent: God’s beloved are in want of nothing caret periculo, qui etiam (cum est) tutus cavet: he is most free from danger, who,

even when safe, is on his guard (Publilius Syrus) carior est illis homo quam sibi: man is dearer to them (the gods) than to himself

(Juvenal) carpe diem, quam minimum (or minime) credula postero: seize the day, trusting

little in tomorrow (Horace) carpent tua poma nepotes: your descendants will pick your fruit caseus est sanus quem dat avara manus: cheese is healthy when given with a

sparing hand casta ad virum matrona parendo imperat: a chaste wife acquires an influence over

her husband by obeying him (Laberius and Publilius Syrus)

casus quem sæpe transit, aliquando cito maturum, cito putridum

casus quem sæpe transit, aliquando invenit: chance (or misfortune) will at some time or another find the one whom it has often passed by (Publilius Syrus)

catus amat pisces, sed non vult tingere plantas: a cat likes fish, but it does not like to wet its paws

causarum ignoratio in re nova mirationem facit: in extraordinary events ignorance of their causes produces astonishment (Cicero)

cautionis is in re plus quam in persona: goods are better sureties than the debtor’s person

cautis pericula prodesse aliorum solent: prudent people are ever ready to profit from the experiences of others (Phædrus)

cautus metuit foveam lupus: the cautious wolf fears the snare cave ab homine unius libri: beware of the man of one book (adapted from St.