A public institution of higher learning is by law an organ by which a nation ensures the education of its children. The state is the guardian of such institutions. When the state removes all credibility from the department of philosophy at Vincennes, one expects it to die out. But the nation’s children-grown-up children at that, and even foreigners-persist in attending the courses in large numbers. Would you conclude that the mere existence of this department refutes the ideas of the state and of its educational guardians?