In effect, he begins by observing himself in order to observe others. From 1950, he has broken with the ideology of the French Communist party in undertaking a critique of bureaucracy. For twelve years he participated in a group of intellectuals and workers who aimed at developing the revolutionary critique of society. Author of numerous works, he identifies a fraying of discourse, the exhaustion of sociological discourses, in his most recent book, Rudiments païens. In Rudiments païens, he observes that societies seem able to function independently of all political, economic, and ideological discourses. Tonight, Jean-François Lyotard has been brought before you to critique his own discourse and to ask himself questions concerning his presence among us on television this evening.