The military totalitarianism that has revealed itself during the Algiers coup is the direct product of the “counterrevolutionary”2 war in colonial society. There is no question of theorizing it here. I only want to (1) identify it as an authentic totalitarianism, unlike the movements that the Communist party or the left irrelevantly denounce as “fascist” at every turn; and (2) situate its position and identify its importance among recent events in Algeria. What were the forces present in the Algiers coup? What is the dynamic of their development?