Over the past year, the power structure in Algeria has changed radically. On the one hand, capitalism has reconstituted its domination over its Algerian sector and over the military apparatus that this sector had sought to direct according to its own interests. But, on the other hand, this success has not yet allowed it to provide a solution for the Algerian question that is in conformity with its overall interests, beginning with peace. The resistance has not dispersed; it has not capitulated. It is, more than ever, the interlocutor whose response is awaited.