chapter  10
Pages 10

One of the main kinds of rational connection sought in the analytic method was first stressed by Hegel. It is that within each stage of development there will be a dominant conflict of opposites, that will assume something like the following pattern. An initial principle appears that is typical of the stage. This generates a counterprinciple or opposite. At first these coexist and they do not interact. Once they begin to interact, their inherent antagonism manifests itself and a period of conflict begins. This is followed by the emergence of a third principle, which is the synthesis of the two previous conflicting principles. One illustration of this in Marx (1867) is the sequence: emergence of the petit bourgeois, or self-employed business owner; the petit bourgeois grows to the point at which they employ workers, creating a true

bourgeoisie, employing workers who to begin with coexist with their employers; the conflicting interests of the two become apparent after a while and a struggle between them begins; this struggle is resolved by socialism that absorbs both bourgeois and worker and creates a new kind of socialist citizen who is the basis for further development. The point about this is not whether it is true, but that it provides a simple, central, example of the analytic approach to development.